European Summit: Preservation of Cultural Heritage: towards a European profile of the conservator-restorer


European Summit
Preseservation of cultural heritage: towards a European profile
of the conservator-restorer

(Pavia, 18-22 October 1997)




The Summit of Pavia reunited for four days 45 experts in conservation and restoration with diverse competences and disciplinary experiences, from 16 European country for the achievement of the Docment of Pavia.
This Summit, was a defining moment for the profession of Conservator-Restorer in that many key issues were identified and addressed for perhaps the first time.
The common aim, which is expressed in the Document of Pavia, was to create the fundamental criteria which assure a better regulated profile of the profession and a higt level of education and training.
Today, the figure of the conservator-restorer, with the advantage of a science based Education, is very different from the one of the “restorer-painters” of the eighteenth century, and is an autonomous figure, with a particular deontology. At the same time the sector of Conservation-Restoration of Cultural Heritage, just autonomous too, has the similar essential characteristic that it now involves a large variety of disciplines within diversified institutions, which are charged with improving new methods, propagating them and teaching Conservation-Restoration.
Such an educational responsibility, of which all the schools and institutes are highly aware, has stimulated numerous meetings and international exchanges. The result is that a large convergence of interest and opinion seems to have developed on this subject. However, at present the Conservation-Restoration profession is still hardly recognized at a legal and administrative level. Many situations exist, nationally and internationally, in which energy and knowledge are wasted because of lack of synergy.
For these reasons, there arose a need to develop, through the participation of both institutional and scientific delegates from different European countries, some common criteria for the definition of the Conservator-Restorer’s profession, the field of his activity, his methods of intervention and the ways to assure a high level of training. It is essential that these standards be recognized in order to give scientific authority and professional responsibility when undertaking the Conservation-Restoration of the European Cultural Heritage.
The results of the Summit, realized with the support of the European Union through one of it's first initiatives in the sector of Conservation-Restoration (the pilot "Pre-Raphael" programme), has been grounded on the basic texts which have received the consensus of the international Conservation-Restoration community (among these: The Carta di Venezia 1964; The Conservator-Restorer ICOM-CC definition, Copenhagen 1984; E.C.C.O. Professional Guidelines I and III 1993/94).
The Summit aims were:
- Promotion of a synergy which will enable the Conservation-Restoration community to meet the new challenges it faces in caring for European Cultural Heritage;
- Acknowledgement of Conservation-Restoration as an autonomous sector;
- Enhancement of the education and training qualitative level for the Conservation-Restoration of Cultural Heritage;
- Inclusion of Conservation-Restoration education and training in the E.U. programmes
- Improvement of the role of the Conservator-Restorer, particularly with respect to the other professions related to the preservation of Cultural Heritage, and definition in Europe of the professional role of the Conservator-Restorer.
- Recognition of the profession of the Conservator-Restorer at a European level.




  • Associazione Giovanni Secco Suardo - Lurano (Italia)

Realizzazione e coordinamento

  • Associazione Giovanni Secco Suardo - Lurano (Italia)


  • Unione Europea DGX
  • Ministero per i Beni Culturali e Ambientali - Roma (Italia)
  • Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italia)
  • Università di Pavia (Italia)
  • Regione Lombardia - Assessorato alla Cultura (Italia)
  • Provincia di Pavia - Assessorato alla Cultura, Istruzione e Formazione Professionale (Italia)
  • Comune di Pavia (Italia)


  • Marcelino Oreja (membro della Commissione Europea) - Bruxelles (Belgio)
  • ICCROM - International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property - Roma (Italia)
  • ICOM - International Council of Museums - Paris (Francia)
  • ICOMOS - International Council on Monuments and Sites - Paris (Francia)
  • E.C.C.O. - European Confederation of Conservator-Restorers' Organisations - Bruxelles (Belgio)
  • Ministero dei Beni Culturali e Ambientali - Roma (Italia)
  • Ministero dell'Università e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica - Roma (Italia)
  • C.N.R. - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Roma (Italia)
  • Istituto Centrale per il Restauro - Roma (Italia)
  • Università di Pavia (Italia)
  • Regione Lombardia (Italia)
  • Provincia di Pavia (Italia)
  • Comune di Pavia (Italia)


  • Università Libre de Bruxelles - Section d'Histoire de l'Art et d'Archéologie (Belgio)
  • Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden (Germania)
  • Hamilton Kerr Institute - University of Cambridge (Gran Bretagna)
  • Museums & Galleries Commission (Gran Bretagna)
  • Ecole Nationale du Patrimoine - Ifroa (Francia)


  • Maria Grazia Albertini Ottolenghi (Università di Pavia)
  • Ségolène Bergeon (Diréction du Patrimoine, Paris)
  • Gael de Guichen (ICCROM, Roma)
  • Carole Milner (Museums & Galleries Commission, London)
  • Mara Nimmo (Istituto Centrale per il Restauro, Roma)
  • Catheline Périer D’Ieteren (Université Libre de Bruxelles)
  • Nathalie Ravanel (E.C.C.O., Bruxelles)
  • Ulrich Schiessl (Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden, Dresda)



The Document of Pavia’s text, in three languages (French, English and Italian), was been translated in other six languages (Arabic, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Danish and Hungarian).
In the months later the summit, the Associazione Giovanni Secco Suardo had send the Document of Pavia to the main conservation Centres, Organisations and Institute of Europe, with a support request.
Within the first year, these organisations gave their support:


  • Bundesdenkmalamt, Abteilung Restaurierweerkstatten , Mauerbach (Austria)
  • Bundesdenkmalamt, Restaurierwerkstatten Kunstdenkmale, Wien (Austria)
  • Meisterschule fur Restaurierung und Konsevierung, Akademie der Bilbende Kunste, Wien (Austria)
  • ORV - Osterreichischer Restauratorenverband, Wien (Austria)
  • E.C.C.O - European Confederation of Conservator-Restorer’s Organizations, Bruxelles (Belgio)
  • Université Libre de Bruxelles, Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres, Bruxelles (Belgio)
  • Universiteit Gent, Faculteit van de Letteren en Wijsbegeerte, Gent (Belgio)
  • Det Kongelige Biblootek, Department of Preservation, Copenhagen (Danimarca)
  • Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi, Copenhagen (Danimarca)
  • ENCoRE - European Network Conservation-Restoration Education, Copenhagen (Danimarca)
  • SMN - Statens Museumsnaevn, Copenhagen (Danimarca)
  • EVTEK Institute of Art and Design, Department of Conservation Studies, Vantaa (Finlandia)
  • The Valamo Art Conservation Institute, Uusi-Valamo (Finlandia)
  • Atelier Regional de Restauration, Bignan (Francia)
  • CNRS – Centre national de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Recherches Archéologiques Laboratoired de Conservation Restauration et Recherches, Draguignan (Francia)
  • Institut de Restauration & de Recherches Archeologiques et Paleometallurgiques, Compiègne (Francia)
  • Ministère Culture Communication, Mission de la rechereche et de la technologie, Paris Cedex (Francia)
  • BsgR - Berufsverband Staatlich Geprufter Restauratorinnen, Munchen (Germania)
  • DRV - Deutscher Restauratoren Verband, Koln (Germania)
  • Fachhochschule Postdam, Postdam (Germania)
  • Hochschule fur Bildende Kunste, Dresden (Germania)
  • Landesamt fur Denkmalpflege Sachsen-Anhalt, Halle/Saale (Germania)
  • Thuringisches Landesamt fur denkmalplege, Erfurt (Germania)
  • VDR - Vereinigung Deutscher Restauratorenverbande, Koln (Germania)
  • BAFRA - British Antique Furniture Restorers’ Association, Dorset (Gran Bretagna)
  • BSMGP - British Society of Master Glass Painters, Canterbury (Gran Bretagna)
  • Hamilton Kerr Institute, Cambridge (Gran Bretagna)
  • Museum & Galleries Commission, London (Gran Bretagna)
  • NSCG - Natural Sciences Conservation Group, London (Gran Bretagna)
  • The British Library, London (Gran Bretagna)
  • The British Museum, London (Gran Bretagna)
  • The Textile Conservation Centre, Surrey (Gran Bretagna)
  • UKIC - Unitede Kingdom Institute for conservation of historic and artistic works, London (Gran Bretagna)
  • West Dean College, West Sussex (Gran Brtagna)
  • IIC Hellenic Group, Athens (Grecia)
  • Panhellenic Union of Conservators of Antiquities, Athens (Grecia)
  • TEI - Technological Educational Institution of Athenes, Athens (Grecia)
  • ICHAWI - Institute for the Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works in Ireland, Newtownards – (Irlanda)
  • IPCRA - Irish Professional Conservator’ and Restorers’ Association, Dublin (Irlanda)
  • National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin (Irlanda)
  • Trinity College Library Dublin, University of Dublin, Dublin (Irlanda)
  • Accademia Carrara di Belle Arti, Bergamo (Italia)
  • Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti, Genova (Italia)
  • ARAB - Associazione Restauratori Archivi Biblioteche , Alessandria (Italia)
  • ARI - Associazione Restauratori d’Italia, Roma (Italia)
  • A.R.R.C. - Associazione Restauratori con diplomi qualificati, Bologna (Italia)
  • Associazione Bianchi Bandinelli, Roma (Italia)
  • Centro regionale di catalogazione e restauro dei beni culturali, Villa Manin di Passariano (Italia)
  • ICCROM - International Centre for the study of the preservation of cultural property, Roma (Italia)
  • Istituto Centrale del Restauro, Roma (Italia)
  • Istituto per l’Arte e il Restauro, Firenze (Italia)
  • Istituto per i beni artistici, culturali e naturali, Regione Emilia-Romagna, Bologna (Italia)
  • Italia Nostra, Roma (Italia)
  • Opificio delle Pietre Dure, Firenze (Italia)
  • Soprintendenza per i Beni Artistici e Storici di Milano, Milano (Italia)
  • Soprintendenza per i Beni Artistici e Storici di Napoli, Napoli (Italia)
  • Università di Pavia, Pavia (Italia)
  • ICOMOS den Norske NasjonalKomite, Oslo (Norvegia)
  • Nasjonal Galleriet Oslo, Oslo (Norvegia)
  • NINA-NIKU Norsk Insituut for kulturminneforskining, Trondheim (Norvegia)
  • Nordisk Konservatorforbund (IIC Nordic Group), Oslo (Norvegia)
  • Universitetet I Oslo, Institutt for Arkeologi, Kunsthistorie og Numismatikk, Oslo (Norvegia)
  • Universitetet I Oslo, Institutt for Arkeologi, Kunsthistorie og Numismatikk, Oslo (Norvegia)
  • Instituut Collectie Nederland, Amsterdam (Olanda)
  • Netherland Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, Zoetermeer (Olanda)
  • Rijksmuseum-Amsterdam, Amstredam (Olanda)
  • Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden (Olanda)
  • Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (Olanda)
  • ARP - Associacao Profissional de Conservadores-Restauradores de Portugal, Lisboa (Portogallo)
  • Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Historico, Sevilla (Spagna)
  • Ministry of Education and Science, Stockholm (Svezia)
  • Ministy of Culture, Stockholm (Svezia)
  • SVK - The Western Sweden Conservators Trust, Goteborg (Svezia)
  • Eidgenossische Kommission fur Denkmalpflege, Bern (Svizzera)
  • ETH - Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich, Zurich (Svizzera)
  • SKR/SCR - Swiss Assiciation for Conservation and Restoration, Zurich (Svizzera)
  • Magyar Restauratorok Egyesulete, Budapest (Ungheria)
  • Magyar Képzomuvészeti Foiskola, Budapest (Ungheria)
  • THE GETTY Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities - California (USA)
  • University of Canberra, Canberra (AUSTRALIA)
  • AIC The American Institute for Conservation historic and artistic works, Washington (USA)


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